What Is CryptoCurrency | Complete Guidance For Beginners


The evolution of cryptocurrency has taken it from curiosity to a trillion-dollar technology that can change the international financial system in a couple of minutes. Bitcoin and many other cryptocurrencies are used to purchase a range of services and products ranging from software to digital real estate to illicit substances.

What is cryptocurrency?


Cryptocurrency meaning, these are virtual or digital currency encrypted to avoid forgery or duplicate spending. Blockchain is a distributed ledger controlled by a global computer network and forms the basis of many cryptocurrencies.

They differ from traditional currencies because they do not have the backing of any governing authority, making them theoretically invulnerable to manipulation or interference by the government.

Top 10 Crypto Currencies In 2023

Today, many digital currencies exist due to the utility of blockchain technology, which they’re built.

1. Bitcoin (BTC)

  • Price: $26,053
  • Market cap: $507 billion

Bitcoin, the very first cryptocurrency, is discussed whenever digital money is mentioned. The coin, whose creator is still a mystery although it’s widely believed to be the work of Satoshi Nakamoto’s creation, first surfaced in 2009. Since then, it’s been a whirlwind ride. The cryptocurrency was famous, however, in the year 2017.

2. Ethereum (ETH)

  • Price: $1,670
  • Market cap: $201 billion

The other term you’re likely to recall in cryptocurrency is Ethereum, the name of Ethereum, the platform for crypto. Ethereum, the currency, can be utilized in the system to perform various functions, but the intelligent contract function is the reason for its acclaim.

3. Tether (USDT)

  • Price: $1.00
  • Market cap: $83 billion

The price of Tether is set by $1 for each coin. This is because it is a stablecoin. In Tether’s instance, an asset’s value is tied to the stablecoin’s price. Tether can be a bridge for traders to switch between various cryptocurrencies. They stay to Tether instead of switching to dollars. Some people are concerned that Tether is a temporary form of unsecured debt instead of being secured by reserves of dollars.

4. BNB (BNB)

  • Price: $209.13
  • Market cap: $32 billion

One of the most popular cryptocurrency exchanges globally, Binance, has its currency, BNB. While Binance Coin was initially designed as a currency to facilitate discounted transactions, it’s currently being used to pay for payments and purchase various products and services.

5. XRP (XRP)

  • Price: $0.5246
  • Market cap: $28 billion

XRP, previously called RippleRipple, was launched in 2012 and offers the ability to make payments across various fiat currencies. Trans-border transactions benefit from RippleRipple, which uses a secure method to facilitate payments.

6. USD Coin (USDC)

  • Price: $1.00
  • Market cap: $26 billion

Like Tether, the USD Coin is an unchanging stablecoin fixed by the U.S. dollar and will not fluctuate. The people who created the currency declare that it is secured by fully reserved assets or ones with “equivalent fair value,” they keep these assets in accounts that U.S. institutions authorize.

7. Cardano (ADA)

  • Price: $0.2666
  • Market cap: $9 billion

The cryptographic framework that runs the Ada coin is known as Cardano. The Ethereum co-founders created Cardano, which uses smart contracts to ease identification management.

8. Dogecoin (DOGE)

  • Price: $0.06248
  • Market cap: $9 billion

Dogecoin is named after an internet meme that depicts a Shiba Inu dog. The meme was initially created as a joke after the rout in Bitcoin. Dogecoin allows unlimited issuance, contrary to other digital currencies that limit the amount of coins produced. It can transfer money or pay for transactions.

9. Solana (SOL)

  • Price: $21.18
  • Market cap: $9 billion

Solana is a less recent cryptocurrency that was first introduced in March 2020. It is known for its speed of transactions and the general longevity built into its “web-scale” network. The total amount of coins issued under the SOL currency is 480 million.

10. Tron (TRX)

  • Price: $0.07469
  • Market cap: $7 billion

Tron is a blockchain-based ecosystem that Justin Sun launched in September 2017 to decentralize internet access using blockchain technology and decentralized applications. Based on CoinMarketCap.com, Tron has the largest stablecoin supply globally.

Why are they famous?

Cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin, were once considered a niche interest for tech enthusiasts. However, they have become popular and have trillion-dollar valuations. The price of Bitcoin has risen to more than $60,000. This was the highest level it had ever reached in November. (It decreased to $23,000 at the end of February 2023.) In the second half of 2022, around 20 percent of American adults polled on NBC News have purchased, traded, or utilized cryptocurrency.

How does cryptocurrency work?

There are a variety of digital currencies, also known as cryptocurrencies, which are usually based on blockchain technology. Thanks to blockchain technology, most cryptocurrencies can now be utilized to make “trustless” transactions. This implies that no single entity is responsible for overseeing the blockchain of a cryptocurrency’s transactions.

In 2009, the world witnessed the invention of Bitcoin, the first cryptocurrency to exist by an unidentified computer programmer.

Are Cryptocurrencies Legal?

Authorities, whether monetary or government-run, are the authorities in the case of fiat currencies. In the case of the United States government, for instance, backed-topped each dollar bill.

However, neither government nor private organizations have a strong stance on cryptocurrency. So, arguing about their legal status across various financial jurisdictions worldwide has proved difficult. Crypto is a relatively new technology, mainly operating differently from the financial system in place today.

How do Cryptocurrency Investment Work?

Crypto investment, is purchasing cryptocurrency from popular crypto exchanges such as Coinbase and Cash App or through brokers is possible. Financial derivatives, including the Bitcoin futures offered by CME and other instruments, like Bitcoin trusts or ETFs, are another popular method of investing in crypto.

How to store cryptocurrency

When you purchase cryptocurrency, you must secure it to avoid theft or hacking. The majority of crypto wallets are used to store crypto. Physical wallets or online applications can be used to secure the private key to crypto. Some exchanges allow you to store funds directly on their site by providing wallet services. However, a few brokers and businesses will automatically offer wallet services.

You can select from a range of wallet manufacturers.”Hot wallet” and “cold wallet” are words that refer to:

  • Storage for hot wallets “hot wallets” are an alternative to cryptocurrency that utilizes software on the internet to secure your private keys to your assets.
  • The storage for cold wallets: Unlike hot wallets that use computers online to store your keys, cold wallets (sometimes called hardware wallets) use offline electronic devices.

About Cryptocurrency: Is It safe?

Blockchain technology is commonly employed to create cryptocurrencies. Blockchain is the process of arranging transactions in “blocks” and time stamps. An electronic record of transactions made with Bitcoin is generated because of this, which is extremely difficult for hackers to change despite being a complex, technical process.

Transactions may also require a two-factor authentication method. To start a transaction, you may be required to input your username and password. The next step is entering an authentication code sent to your cell phone through SMS.

Even with safeguards in place, the security of crypto is still vulnerable. Start-ups that are in the cryptocurrency industry have been affected by a variety of expensive cyberattacks. Two of the biggest crypto hacks in 2018 were Coincheck, targeted at $534 million, and BitGrail, targeted at $195 million.

Unlike the money back from the state, virtual currency is entirely determined by demand and supply. This could result in erratic fluctuations that can bring huge profits to investors or loss for the investors. Furthermore, compared to traditional financial instruments such as stocks, bonds, and mutual funds, investments in crypto are less often protected by government oversight.

Some Advantages And Disadvantages Of Cryptocurrency


  • Removes the single cause of failure.
  • Transfers of funds between two parties are made more accessible.
  • Eliminates outside parties.
  • It can be used to generate profits.
  • The remittance procedure is simplified.


  • Pseudonymous transactions can be made.
  • Utilizing pseudonyms to serve unlawful reasons.
  • It was becoming extremely central.
  • Costly to join a group and then make money.
  • Issues with off-chain security.
  • Prices vary widely.

Best Platforms Crypto 


Cryptography is a method of securing digital assets, also known as cryptocurrencies. It is highly speculation-based because they’re a relatively new technology, so it is essential to be aware of the risks before deciding to invest.

These Investopedia reviews, comments, and analyses are published for informational purposes only online. For more details, please refer to our liability and warranty disclaimer. The author is not a cryptocurrency at the time the post was written.


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